represented a separate phoneme, more than likely /ʃ/ (transliterated as ś). The early Latin alphabet adopted sigma, however not san, as Old Latin did not have a /ʃ/ phoneme. First mentioned in 1159, Düsseldorf (“Village on the Düssel,” a small tributary of the Rhine) was chartered in 1288 by the depend of Berg and was the capital of the duchies of Berg and Jülich from 1511 until it passed to the Palatinate-Neuberg line in 1609.


Although the town suffered significantly in the Thirty Years’ War and the War of the Spanish Succession, it revived beneath the elector palatine Johann Wilhelm II (Jan Wellem). After being the capital of the short-lived Napoleonic grand duchy of Berg (1805–13), the town passed to Prussia in 1815. Rapid business and financial growth adopted the institution of iron and steel industries within the 1870s. After the widespread devastation suffered during World War II, lots of the city’s outdated buildings had been repaired and many new buildings erected. In the close by Neander Valley is the Feldhofer Cave, where remains of Neanderthal man were first discovered in 1856.

However, Strong’s Hebrew and Greek lexicons are nonetheless used at present as a reference software, and Strong’s authentic numbering system of Hebrew and Greek phrases has turn into the standard for unique language reference in study of the Bible. This site duplicates most of the original content material of Strong’s Concordance with a word search as nicely as a lexicon search. The similar is generally true for classical and pre-1900 loanwords, although on this case we discover some exceptions which are no much less than optionally pronounced with /st/, /sp/ (e.g. Stil, Stola).

Smith & wesson model 19

Other reminders of Düsseldorf’s illustrious previous embody Jägerhof Castle (1752–63), which houses the city historic collection; Benrath Castle (1755–73), constructed by Nicolas de Pigage; and the stays of the palace of Frederick I (Frederick Barbarossa). In the 1890 model, James Strong added a “Hebrew and Chaldee Dictionary” and a “Greek Dictionary of the New Testament” to his concordance. In the preface to each dictionaries, Strong explains that these are “transient and simple” dictionaries, not meant to replace reference to “a extra copious and elaborate Lexicon.” He mentions Gesenius and Fürst as examples of the lexicons that Strong’s is drawn from. His dictionaries were meant to give students a quick and easy method to lookup words and have a general thought of their meaning. Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible was constructed by a group of more than 100 students under the path of Dr. James Strong (1822–1894) and first revealed in 1890.

From 1858 till 1861, Strong was each Acting President and Professor of Biblical Literature at Troy University. In 1868 he became Professor of Exegetical Theology at Drew Theological Seminary, the place he remained for twenty-seven years. In 1884, he produced the Strong’s Concordance Bible, which continues to be in print at present. The use of ’s to type plurals of initialisms or numerals just isn’t presently beneficial by most authorities, besides when the which means would otherwise be unclear. The use in overseas words was widespread earlier than the 19th century, however is no longer accepted.[3] The use of the apostrophe in some other plural (as in “apple’s”) — the so-called “greengrocer’s apostrophe” — is proscribed.

Model 19 variants

Otherwise, pre-consonantal and word-final s is always pronounced /s/. There are, nevertheless, a couple of phrases during which ss could – optionally – be pronounced /z/ (e.g. Fussel, Massel, quasseln, Schussel). The minuscule kind ſ, called the long s, developed in the early medieval period, within the Visigothic and Carolingian arms, with predecessors in the half-uncial and cursive scripts of Late Antiquity. It remained normal in western writing throughout the medieval period and was adopted in early printing with movable types. It existed alongside minuscule “round” or “short” s, which was at the time only used on the finish of phrases.

Model 68

Dr. Strong was Professor of exegetical theology at Drew Theological Seminary. The Strong’s Concordance is an exhaustive cross-reference of each phrase in the King James Bible cross referened to lexicons of the unique languages of the Bible. The shape of Latin S arises from Greek Σ by dropping one out of the four strokes of that letter.

⟨s⟩ represents the voiceless alveolar or voiceless dental sibilant /s/ in most languages in addition to in the International Phonetic Alphabet. In some English phrases of French origin, the letter ⟨s⟩ is silent, as in ‘isle’ or ‘debris’. Modern expertise renders Strong’s authentic concordance look here out of date, since a pc can duplicate Strong’s work in a fraction of a second.